Remember by posting here you give us the right to share your story and content for copyright and legal issues (POPI ACT) We do not own any right here but we have terms and conditions. We post and re-post for research / educational / teaching / historical and art reasons and we feel that fair use is applicable here. Ons pos hier en ons het die reg om te deel al is dit jou inligting vir kopiereg en regs aansprake (POPI ACT). Ons besit geen reg nie maar ons het termes en kondisies. Ons pos en her-pos vir navorsing / opleiding / onderrig / histories en selfs kuns redes. Ons voel dit is redelik aanvaarbaar vir die gebruik hier.

Fair use The doctrine of fair use is on of the most well know exemptions to copyright law. This exemption allows for the use of copyrighted material, without permission of the creator or the copyright owner, in a limited number of contexts and for certain purposes, including criticism, commemetary, news reporting teaching, scholarship or research. Fair use is essential for recearch and teaching which builds systematically on the work of others. Fair use is situational and is determined on a case-by-case basis by balancing four factors against each other to estimate the relative social benefit of an unauthorized use against its cost to the copyright owner. Domain imaging for images imperfections due to historical reportages. Fair use or fair dealing essentially permits the use of copyrighted work without the need for copyright clearance, provided this use promotes the Process of Science and useful Arts. Feel free to contact me with any queries.

Under “The Commons” cultural Institutions that have reasonable concluded that a photograph is free of copyright restrictions are invited to share such photograph under there new usage guideline called ‘ no known copyright restrictions.”

Photographs can be difficult to analyse under copyright law, not only because laws around the world differ with respect to scope and duration of protection, but because the photographs themselves often lack credit lines, dattes and other identifying information. However, in many instances, a cultural institution will not be the rights holder under copyright law. Therefore, it can neither grant permission to others who wish to use a photograph nor provide a guarantee that the photograph is in the public domain.

By asseting “No Know Copyright Restrictions,” on all images shared here … Participating Institutions are sharing the Benefit of their research without providing an expressed or implied warranty to others who would like to use or reproduce the photograph. If you make use of a photo from the commons , you are reminded to conduct an independent analysis of applicable law before proceeding with a particular new use.